Two out of three applicants to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection fail its polygraph, according to the agency, more than double the average rate of eight law enforcement agencies that provided data to The Associated Press under open-records requests.
Anti-corruption officials are calling for Peru's three most recent ex-presidents to testify in connection with alleged bribes paid by Brazilian construction conglomerate Odebrecht for inflated contracts that authorities say cost the Andean country $283 million.
The head of the U.N. mission in Colombia said it was impossible to meet the first benchmark in the cease-fire process following the historic peace deal between the government and rebels, and the second deadline won't be met either.
Venezuelans have to navigate a labyrinth of lines to buy such staples as sugar or aspirin. They've gotten used to finding that the store shelves are empty, a frustration that sometimes boils over into looting. So they don't really need economic data to tell them that 2016 was a terrible year.
Daniel Ortega was sworn in for another term as Nicaragua's president while his wife, Rosario Murillo, became the new vice president, giving a married couple the reins of power for the first time in the Central American country's history.
By Catherine Bosley and Matthew Bristow, Bloomberg News
Colombia's new central bank chief said it's too soon for policymakers to declare victory over inflation and that policymakers won't necessarily cut rates again this month if they're unsure of hitting their target.
Thousands of Mexicans marched in the capital to complain about a gasoline price increase, demonstrating a day after police in Sonora state fought a pitched, three-hour battle to free a border rail crossing blocked by protesters.
By Erica Werner and Jill Colvin, Associated Press
It was the signature promise of his campaign: Donald Trump vowed to build an impenetrable, concrete wall along the southern border. And Mexico was going to pay for it.
Now as he nears inauguration, that wall is sounding increasingly like it could end up a fence.
Word spread quickly through cellphone messages and shouts between co-workers that Ford Motor Co. had canceled its new $1.6 billion car plant at its sprawling 700-acre high desert site in north-central Mexico.
Six Mexican veterinarians who say they were recruited to work at an Idaho dairy farm as animal scientists have filed a federal human trafficking lawsuit against the dairy's owners and the lawyer who arranged work visas, claiming they were instead forced to work as laborers, milking cows and shoveling manure for about a year.
Brazilian authorities said that the inmates responsible for the killings of 60 rivals at two prisons in the Amazon region will be transferred to high-security federal institutions in addition to being prosecuted. Many of those slain were beheaded or dismembered in the worst bloodshed at a prison of the South American country since 1992.
By Cristiane Lucchesi and Pablo Rosendo Gonzalez, Bloomberg News
Call it the Trump premium. Borrowing costs jumped in the wake of Donald Trump's unexpected U.S. presidential election victory in November, inducing Latin American governments and companies to postpone at least $10 billion in international-bond deals.
Jose Rangel Chavez and 18 other Mexican guest workers were dozing as their bus hurtled down Interstate 40 in a light rain. After nine months away from home, the 22-year-old was about to complete a meandering round trip of nearly 5,000 miles.
A federal control board overseeing Puerto Rico's finances gave the governor a list of proposed measures to turn around the U.S. territory's economy, including downsizing the government, privatizing ports and charging tourists more for certain services.
By Sophia Tareen and Amy Taxin, Associated Press
Major U.S. cities and counties are beefing up legal services for immigrants to help them fight deportation and avoid fraudulent lawyers in the wake of Donald Trump's election and his hard-line immigration enforcement promises.
Venezuela's president said that the sudden decision to scrap the country's most-used currency bill was an economic triumph over the country's enemies even as the government sent troops and police to cities where riots and looting broke out over the measure.
A state government in southern Mexico found itself playing middleman in negotiations involving a gang of drug traffickers who already released a kidnap victim and a band of armed, angry citizens who briefly held a crime boss' mother seeking to take back control of their lawless, opium-country town.
Donald Trump's only visit to the U.S.-Mexico border while running for president was a stop in Laredo that lasted less than three hours. On some days, that's not long enough for 18-wheelers hauling foreign-made dishwashers and car batteries to lurch through the gridlocked crossing.
By Alfredo Pena and Mark Stevenson, Associated Press
Ten years after Mexico declared a war on drugs, the offensive has left some major drug cartels splintered and many old-line kingpins such as Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman in jail, but done little to reduce crime or violence in the nation's roughest regions.
As Brazilians mourned the recent plane crash that killed 71 people, including almost an entire soccer team, President Michel Temer spent days publicly wavering about whether to attend the memorial service in the southern city of Chapeco.
Pirates are terrorizing the coastal state of Sucre, once home to the world's fourth-largest tuna fleet and a thriving fishing industry.
That trade has collapsed, along with virtually every industry across Venezuela.
Demand for travel to Cuba may be flattening, with soaring hotel prices on the island, American Airlines cutting some flights, and uncertainty over whether new travel restrictions could be imposed when Donald Trump takes office.
By Carlos Valdez and Mauricio Savarese, Associated Press
The head of the charter airline whose plane crashed in the Andes last week was detained by Bolivian prosecutors for questioning as authorities look into whether the tragedy that killed 71 people stemmed from negligence.
Chile's Supreme Court ruled that the government can file an extradition request to the United States for two former secret police agents wanted for a 1976 car bombing in Washington that killed a former Chilean ambassador and a U.S. citizen.
By Stephanie Baker and Sharon Smyth, Bloomberg News
President-elect Donald Trump was looking at buying hotels in Cuba as recently as six months ago, according to a top Spanish hotel executive who learned of it from industry contacts. That would be at odds with Trump's stated Cuba policy and could have violated U.S. law against promoting tourism there.
Congress formally ratified a revised peace agreement with Colombia's biggest leftist rebel group, capping a torturous four years of negotiations, a stunning referendum rejection, last-minute compromises and two signing ceremonies.
By Peter Orsi and Juan Zamorano, Associated Press
Thousands of Cubans lined the streets of Havana Wednesday morning, some sleeping on sidewalks overnight, to bid goodbye to Fidel Castro as his ashes began a four-day journey across the country he ruled for nearly 50 years.
Hundreds of thousands of young immigrants living in the country illegally willingly came out of the shadows and identified themselves to the Obama administration on the promise that they'd be safe from deportation and allowed to work.
By Alicia A. Caldwell, Astrid Galvan and Elliot Spagat, Associated Press
President-elect Donald Trump will face an immigration system that is maxed out when he takes office in January as a high number of Central Americans and Haitians continue to come to the U.S. through the Mexican border.
President Barack Obama is running out of time to fulfill his long-standing promise to shutter the prison at the U.S. military base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Sixty inmates remain in the facility and only a third are cleared for release.
President-elect Donald Trump's tough-talking plan to rein in illegal immigration showed signs of cracking, with the president-elect seemingly backing off his vow to build a solid wall along the southern U.S. border and the top House Republican rejecting any "deportation force" targeting people in the country illegally.
A passionate advocate for making Puerto Rico the 51st U.S. state appears poised to become the next governor of the territory, giving a boost to a movement that has been gaining momentum amid the island's economic woes.
Mexican real estate investment trust Fibra Plus raised $78 million in its initial public offering, having gone forward despite Mexican market conditions caused by the upcoming U.S. presidential election.
Jones Day represented Mexico City-based money transfer company Intra Mexicana aka Dinero Express in an increase of its loan program to $421 million, including a bond offering. Intra Mexicana is a subsidiary of retail and cash advance multinational Grupo Elektra.
An increasing number of people from far-flung corners of the world quietly have tried to sneak into the United States among the hundreds of thousands of other, mostly Latin American migrants caught at the Mexican border in the last year, according to arrest data from the Department of Homeland Security.
By Luis Andres Henao and Almudena Calatrava, Associated Press
President Mauricio Macri's market-friendly reforms have been praised by international investors, who say they lay the groundwork for growth. But so far, they have brought only pain to the country's poor.
The World Anti-Doping Agency has detailed serious failings of doping control management at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics, saying the system was only saved from collapsing by the "enormous resourcefulness and goodwill" of some key staff.
By Nicole Winfield and Almudena Calatrava, Associated Press
The Vatican and Argentina's bishops have finished cataloging their archives from the country's "dirty war" and will soon make them available to victims and their relatives who have long accused church members of complicity with the military dictatorship. The 3,000 files being released, though, are a fraction of the documentation believed to be in the possession of the Argentine church.
By Ben Bartenstein, Tiffany Kary and Alan Katz, Bloomberg News
Federal prosecutors are preparing to charge several individuals and confiscate their property over the alleged looting of Venezuela's state oil company in what may amount to one of the biggest asset seizures in U.S. history.
In the photos, Alejandra Salgado and her little brother Francisco look like ordinary tourists strolling the streets of midtown Manhattan. He carries a shopping bag. She wears a white dress, a necklace and a leather tote slung over one shoulder.
But the outings were hardly innocent.
Jose Martin Davila, director of compliance for Starwood Hotels and Resorts Worldwide in the Americas and French Polynesia, has joined Squire Patton Boggs as of counsel in the firm's government investigations and white collar practice in Miami.
Tens of thousands of Argentines marched in the capital of Buenos Aires to condemn violence against women, the latest public outcry following the brutal killing of a 16-year-old girl who was drugged, raped and tortured.
A small homegrown fashion industry is winning renown and an increasing share of Cubans' limited clothing budget with simple but fun-and-stylish clothing produced on the island with natural fabrics and sold at competitive prices.
Sergio Alvarez-Mena, the former head legal counsel for the 11 U.S.-based private bank offices of Credit Suisse Securities, has joined the financial institutions litigation and regulation practice at Jones Day's Miami offices.
At a time when Russia is accused of hacking U.S. elections systems and servers to influence the outcome of the U.S. election, and the U.S. has hinted of cyber retaliation, Moscow has announced it is considering re-establishing a presence in Cuba. While the intent of such a presence is not fully clear, from a base in Cuba, Russia could more easily eavesdrop on U.S. military and commercial communications. Some speculate whether Russian expansion may be fuel for detente with Cuba.
Midway through releasing a series of damaging disclosures about U.S. presidential contender Hillary Clinton, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange says his hosts at the Ecuadorean Embassy in London abruptly cut him off from the internet. The news adds another layer of intrigue to an extraordinary campaign.
Thousands of experts and leaders from around the world are gathering in South America to dream up the city of the future even as the continent struggles with urban planning issues such as slums that have dogged the continent for decades.
By Andrea Navarro, Nacha Cattan and David Welch, Bloomberg News
After more than a year of watching Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump bash Ford Motor Co. for moving jobs to Mexico, General Motors Co. has pushed ahead with its own expansion. It just hasn't said as much as Ford.
Hurricane Matthew's destruction in Haiti has put on hold a new policy of deporting Haitians who are in the United States without permission but the government intends to return to it in the future, U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson said.
By Gerson Freitas Jr. and Tatiana Freitas, Bloomberg News
It was advertised as Brazil's "new frontier," the vast savanna running alongside the Amazon jungle that would help meet China's insatiable demand for food. The farmers of Brazil heeded that call, razing trees, plowing virgin land and planting soybeans at a frenetic pace for much of the past decade.
Colombia's government and rebels from the National Liberation Army have agreed to revive a stalled peace effort, providing a boost to President Juan Manuel Santos as he tries to recover from voters' shocking rejection of a deal with the much-larger FARC guerrilla group.
The discovery of a headless body floating near the Texas spring break haven of South Padre Island touched off an investigation that prosecutors say revealed a U.S. Border Patrol agent had helped a Mexican cartel to move illegal weapons and ammunition south of the border and illicit drugs to the north.
Argentina has agreed to pay a settlement of more than $40.5 million to Banca Arner S.A. of Switzerland, one of the last remaining large holdout bondholders from national debt restructurings that occurred under the country's previous administration.
The Colombian peace agreement would have brought a formal end to half-a-century of bloodshed and a boost to the country's economy. The voters' rejection may make it harder to pass tax reforms that some say are needed to fund projects to grow the economy and integrate regionally.
If Venezuela has become dangerous for the healthy, it is now deadly for those who fall ill. After years of mismanagement and a plunge in the price of oil, the economy has stalled out. The socialist administration calls the medical crisis an invention peddled by opponents, and has refused to let in humanitarian aid.
By Joshua Goodman and Andrea Rodriguez, Associated Press
As peace talks in Colombia advanced over the past year, 7,000 rebel fighters began slowly emerging from their jungle hideouts hoping for, if not a hero's welcome, at least an outstretched hand from fellow Colombians tired of a half century of bloody combat.
By Joshua Goodman and Andrea Rodriguez, Associated Press
After a stunning referendum defeat for a peace deal with leftist rebels, Colombians are asking what comes next for their war-torn country, which like Britain following the Brexit vote has no Plan B to save an accord that sought to bring an end to a half century of hostilities.
By Raymond Colitt, Samy Adghirni and Bruce Douglas, Bloomberg News
Luciano Pacheco, a 42-year-old owner of a key-cutting shack in the Brazilian capital, used to be a fervent supporter of the left-wing Workers' Party. His disillusion set in long before the party was ousted after 13 years in power, and he says there is no candidate or group he can now imagine backing.
By Tom Metcalf and Blake Schmidt, Bloomberg News
When Argentine President Mauricio Macri needed a place to sell his vision for reviving his country's economy, he chose the Buenos Aires offices of MercadoLibre Inc., Latin America's largest online marketplace. By his side was the company's 45-year-old founder and chief executive officer, Marcos Galperin, who used the August event to reveal plans for a $100 million investment that he said will create 5,000 new jobs in the region.
President Barack Obama announced career diplomat Jeffrey DeLaurentis as his choice to become the first U.S. ambassador to Cuba in more than a half-century, a move that sets up a possible fight with congressional critics of Obama's overtures to the communist island nation.
By Joshua Goodman and Andrea Rodriguez, Associated Press
After a half-century of combat that spilled blood across this South American nation, Colombians have embarked on a new, but difficult path to settle their political differences with the signing of a historic peace accord between the government and leftist rebels.
Critics of Venezuela's 17-year-old socialist government are reeling after elections officials torpedoed their primary political effort for the year: a campaign to recall President Nicolas Maduro and hold an early presidential election.
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security said that it was widening efforts to deport Haitians, a response to thousands of immigrants from the Caribbean nation who have overwhelmed California border crossings with Mexico in recent months.
Younger Colombians knew almost nothing about Humberto De la Calle in 2012 when he was named the government's chief peace negotiator for talks with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. Many older Colombians were all but sure his mission to end a half-century of bloodshed would fail.
Margarita Island was once mobbed with international tourists who loved the sparkling blue water, fine white sand and flawless sunny days. Now, swimming pools are empty, toilets don't flush and many hotels can't afford to offer meal service.
By Mauricio Savarese and Peter Prengaman, Associated Press
Brazilian investigators charged former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva with money laundering and corruption, calling him the "maximum commander" of the mammoth graft scandal roiling Latin America's largest nation.
California-based Sempra International has agreed to a $852 million deal to purchase one of Latin America's largest wind farms in Nuevo Leon, Mexico, from a subsidiary of New York-based Blackstone Group and other partners.
By Cesar Garcia and Joshua Goodman, Associated Press
For 40 years, Army Gen. Javier Florez battled the guerrillas of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. Now his mission is to make sure thousands of the rebels are safe as they disarm and return to civilian life under a historic peace deal.
The four original nations of South America's Mercosur trading bloc announced that they are giving Venezuela until Dec. 1 to comply with its commitments when it joined in 2012 that it would comply with all the group's requirements.
Authorities in the Dominican Republic announced that they will demand an explanation from the U.S. government for why it annulled the diplomatic and tourist visas of the Caribbean country's electoral commission president.
Violeta Zuniga gets around with a cane because of her knee problems, but nothing can keep the 83-year-old from performing Chile's national dance to protest her partner's disappearance during the country's military dictatorship.
Traveling deep inside the jungle after a daylong boat journey, I arrived with trepidation and mistrust at the secret camp of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. A Colombian photojournalist, I was raised in a modest farming family to despise the rebels my relatives characterized as killers. But watching the guerrillas of the FARC's southern bloc go about their daily routine as they prepared for peace I began to see them as regular people like myself.
The permanent ouster of deeply unpopular President Dilma Rousseff by Brazil's Senate means that a man who is arguably just as unpopular is now faced with trying to ease the wounds of a divided nation mired in recession.
The case of $67,000 stolen from Argentine Vice President Gabriela Michetti’s house should have ended when her bodyguard was arrested. Instead, prosecutors have shifted to tracing the money’s origin, making her a public example of the challenges President Mauricio Macri’s faces in weaning the country off its reliance on cash, an age-old system that in many instances hides tax evasion.
Colombia's president is moving fast to hold a plebiscite on a landmark peace deal reached with leftist rebels, as he presented to congress the full text of the accord that he says will end a half-century of bloody combat.
By Fernando Vergara and Sergio Leon, Associated Press
One of Colombia's most-grizzled and important rebel fighters is calling on President Barack Obama to do more to support peace and to free a guerrilla leader jailed for more than a decade in the United States.
By Adriana Gomez Licon and Stephen Wilson, Associated Press
A senior Olympic executive from Ireland was arrested and taken to the hospital after police raided his beachfront hotel as part of an investigation into the illegal sale of tickets for the Rio de Janeiro Games.
Police and troops are searching for 10 to 12 suspected gang members who were abducted in a shocking raid by gunmen on an apparent celebration at an upscale restaurant in the popular beach resort of Puerto Vallarta.
By Giles Broom and Jan-Henrik Foerster, Bloomberg News
Julius Baer Group Ltd., Switzerland's third-largest wealth manager, hired several private bankers from HSBC Holdings Plc to bolster its Latin American business, said three people with knowledge of the matter.
Residents of Puerto Rico can't vote in presidential elections. But with the island's economy in shambles, many are fleeing to the U.S. mainland, potentially shifting demographic norms in some of the most closely contested states.
Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega is slipping back into a 1980s mindset, cracking down on opposition, amassing power and locking horns with the U.S. It's "dictatorship lite," said Adam Isacson, senior associate for regional security policy at the Washington Office on Latin America.
In a small town tucked into a valley, songs from a local band heralded a religious wedding that had remained out of reach for decades.
The band, whose name translates to "The Forever Young Friendly Band," was aptly named to play for 75-year-old Pablo Ibarra and 65-year-old Francisca Santiago, who finally married in the church after nearly a half century together.
By Andrea Rodriguez and Michael Weissenstein, Associated Press
More than 2 million tourists have visited Cuba this year, state media said, putting the country on track for a record number of visitors bringing badly needed cash to an economy facing a sharp reduction in subsidized oil from its chief ally, Venezuela.
By Frank Bajak and Jack Gillum, Associated Press
Except for blacklisted nations such as Syria and North Korea, there is little to stop governments that routinely violate basic rights from obtaining the same so-called lawful intercept tools that have been sold to Western police and spy agencies.
Alex Castillo knew growing up that he was a boy trapped in a girl's body. It wasn't until recently, 40 years after his birth, that the government of his native Guatemala, or at least some parts of it, agreed.
After a decade out of the public eye, Fidel Castro has surged back in the run-up to his Aug. 13 birthday as the inspiration for Cubans who want to maintain strict Communist orthodoxy in Cuba in the face of mounting pressures to loosen political control and allow more private enterprise.
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski assumed Peru's presidency Thursday with a Cabinet that shares his Ivy League, pro-business pedigree, a reliance on technocrats that could become a liability as he deals with an unfriendly congress and a resurgent left.
Hedge funds representing a group of Puerto Rico bondholders sued the U.S. territory, saying it violated the terms of a rescue package recently approved by Congress to help pull the island's government out of a dire economic crisis.
By Jorge Rueda and Joshua Goodman, Associated Press
President Nicolas Maduro's announcement last week that the military will lead the battle against widespread food shortages overlooks one key fact: The armed forces have played a big role in Venezuela's economic mess.
In Chile, a country where free enterprise is almost sacrosanct, a communist mayor is shaking up the system by inspiring local governments to jump into the drugstore business and offer cut-rate prices to a populace that's grown weary of the big chain pharmacies.
Ronald James Wooden flexes the large blacksmith's hands with which he once forged everything from large chandeliers to intricate jewelry. He's says he is still regaining feeling in them three years after a four-hour beating with fists and rifle butts by municipal police in southern Mexico.
Venezuela's government said it will seize a factory belonging to Kimberly-Clark Corp. after the U.S. personal care giant said it was no longer possible to manufacture in this crisis-wracked South American nation.
Cuba has quietly opened a first-of-its-kind store specializing in bulk goods in Havana: Zona +, a high-ceiling space with racks stacked with large tins of tomato sauce, toilet paper and cooking oil by the gallon.
Talk about taking one for the team. In an upcoming study, the U.S. Olympic Committee, in partnership with the National Institutes of Health, is hoping to volunteer its own staffers and U.S. Olympic athletes for a study that will help researchers answer some basic questions about the Zika virus.
When Venezuela's opposition lawmakers took over the congress in January, they vowed it was the beginning of the end for President Nicolas Maduro. But Maduro has since managed to almost completely sideline the legislature with the help of the Supreme Court, and now the ruling socialist party is talking about shutting congress down altogether.
Cubans face tough times in the energy sector in the coming months, official media warned amid orders from authorities to implement power-saving measures and some state-run entities reducing hours of operation.
Miranda Hernandez's grandparents lost everything when they fled Cuba in the 1960s. She grew up thinking of the island as "North Korea with nice beaches," she said.
But when four young Cuban-Americans started a program sending peers with similar island ties to explore their heritage after U.S.-Cuba detente, she applied. On Friday, after a week in Havana visiting entrepreneurs, artists and relatives she'd never met, the 20-year-old senior at the University of California, Berkeley flew home with impressions certain to upset many of her grandparents' generation.
The United Kingdom's decision to leave the European Union has create a lot of uncertainty in the world, but there is little doubt that the economic and political ripple effects caused by the Brexit vote will do harm in Latin America.
The human rights group Amnesty International, in a report released early Tuesday, said that in interviews with 100 incarcerated Mexican women, 72 reported sexual torture during their arrests. Ninety-seven had been beaten or received some kind of physical abuse. All 100 reported at least harassment or psychological abuse.
Two days before a potential historical default, Puerto Rico Gov. Alejandro Garcia Padilla made it clear that the commonwealth won't pay bondholders even as Congress votes on a bill allowing the island to restructure its $70 billion in debt.
Just weeks ahead of the Olympic Games, police helicopters are grounded, patrol cars are parked and Rio de Janeiro's security forces are so pressed for funds that some have to beg for donations of pens, cleaning supplies and even toilet paper, fueling worries about safety at the world's premier sporting event.
Since January, the world has watched a slow-motion disaster unfolding in Venezuela, where critical shortages of food and medicine are fueling chaos. Inside the country, a handful of international firms are doing their best to ride out the crisis, while others have already jumped ship.
By Juan Zamorano and Kathia Martinez, Associated Press
Fireworks exploded as a huge container ship made the inaugural passage through the newly expanded Panama Canal, formally launching the Central American nation's multibillion-dollar bet on a bright economic future despite tough times for global shipping.
In the mid-1970s, a recently ordained priest trekked the Cuban countryside, defying the communist government by distributing hand-printed religious pamphlets to townspeople bold enough to open their doors.
At the height of Cuba's anti-religious sentiment, the man known as Father Juanito was tolerated thanks to his soft-spoken manner and unbending will, say those who followed his rise. His admirers say that personality served him well when he became bishop of the eastern city of Camaguey and launched an intensive outreach to the poor, arranging aid for needy pregnant women and diverting religious processions off main streets into the humblest neighborhoods.
By Luis Alonso Lugo and Hannah Dreier, Associated Press
The head of the Organization of American States added his voice to the chorus of international leaders stepping up pressure on Venezuela to address a humanitarian crisis and end a crackdown on opposition activists.
By Mike Weissenstein and Joshua Goodman, Associated Press
Colombia moved closer than ever to ending a half-century of bloodshed when its president joined leftist rebels in celebrating a cease-fire and disarmament agreement at a dignitary-studded signing ceremony in Cuba.
A senior U.S. diplomat was in Venezuela on Tuesday to meet with officials to jump-start dialogue between the normally hostile governments as the socialist-run nation is torn apart by daily food protests and a campaign to oust President Nicolas Maduro.
It would have seemed routine in many places: A defendant accused of illegally possessing a gun sat across a gleaming courtroom from the judge who accepted his guilty plea and would pronounce his sentence. For Mexico, though, it was a remarkable change from a century-old judicial system of paper-shuffling court cases in which defendants rarely actually testified before the judge ruling on their fate from within a cramped, bureaucrat's office. As of Saturday, the open, oral trial will be the norm nationwide as part of a sweeping judicial reform.