Big tobacco ordered to smoke out false statements
A federal judge in Washington has ordered major tobacco companies to broadly publish statements that acknowledge deliberate deception about the adverse health effects of smoking.
U.S. District Judge Gladys Kessler on Tuesday rejected claims from lawyers for the companies that portions of the so-called "corrective statements" violated First Amendment rights. The statements, the judge said, "pass constitutional muster."
In a 55-page ruling, Kessler published the final wording of the statements, which were first ordered as a remedy in 2006 when the judge found tobacco companies liable, after a nine-month bench trial, for years of false statements about the risks of smoking.
The judge's ruling in 2006 required the tobacco companies to widely issue statements addressing topics that included the adverse health effects of smoking and the manipulation of cigarette design to ensure optimum nicotine delivery. The Justice Department and attorneys for the tobacco companies filed proposed corrective statements. Kessler said she evaluated the submissions before settling on the final language.
"Mandatory disclosures alerting the consumer to wrongdoing and giving accurate information about that wrongdoing have been upheld. They are neither unprecedented nor controversial," Kessler said.
The statements include: "More people die every year from smoking than from murder, AIDS, suicide, drugs, car crashes, and alcohol, combined." And this: "When you smoke, the nicotine actually changes the brain that's why quitting is so hard."
Jones Day partner Noel Francisco, who argued for R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Holdings Inc. at a hearing in October, had no comment by deadline. Counsel for Phillip Morris USA included Beth Wilkinson of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison and Miguel Estrada of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher.
"While the government may claim that at least some of its proposed statements do not literally compel defendants to utter the words, 'We lied,' there can be no question that the proposed statements are subject to that interpretation," Estrada said in court papers filed in September.
Lawyers for the tobacco companies objected in part to the preamble that accompanies the statements, describing the words as not "purely factual."
One of the preambles states: "A federal court has ruled that the defendant tobacco companies deliberately deceived the American public about the addictiveness of smoking and nicotine, and has ordered those companies to make this statement. Here is the truth."