Non-banks may soon be deemed risks to economy

, Daily Business Review

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Timothy Geithner

U.S. regulators are set to choose the first non-bank companies likely to be branded potential risks to the financial system, according to two people with knowledge of the plans.

The Financial Stability Oversight Council intends to request confidential data from as many as five U.S. firms at a meeting this month, said the people, who declined to be identified because the plans aren't public. The request is a step toward deciding whether the companies should be subject to Federal Reserve supervision, including stress tests, higher capital levels and tougher liquidity requirements.

Regulators want to ensure that no firm posing a potential risk to the financial system escapes scrutiny, while non-bank financial firms argue that designation would burden them with unnecessary costs and economic stability wouldn't be threatened if they failed. Bailed-out insurer American International Group Inc. has said it meets thresholds the council set to decide which firms require further evaluation. GE Capital, a unit of General Electric Co., has said it expects to be named systemically important.

If the council "identifies companies this month, it means that the first FSOC train is leaving the station and final designations could be made by the end of the year," said Thomas Vartanian, a partner at law firm Dechert LLP in Washington whose clients may be affected by FSOC. "This new systemic oversight could have a significant impact on them if they cannot rebut designation."

The council is tentatively scheduled to meet Sept. 28, the people said. The companies would then have 30 days to submit the data, which could include non-public information such as details on a firm's financial relationships, or interconnectedness, with other companies.

Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner is chairman of the council, which includes Fed Chairman Ben S. Bernanke and the heads of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. and Commodity Futures Trading Commission.

AIG, recipient of a bailout that reached $182.3 billion, was a catalyst for the FSOC's creation under the Dodd-Frank financial-overhaul law. AIG's trades of over-the-counter derivatives leading up to the financial crisis were largely unregulated, and lawmakers wanted a panel of regulators to share information and meet regularly to help avoid a repeat.

'Very Carefully'

Geithner told the House Financial Services Committee in July that the council was "looking very, very carefully" at New York-based AIG and other companies he didn't name. Geithner has said the council will make the first designations this year.

The U.S. cut its stake in AIG to about 16 percent from 53 percent in a share sale this week. AIG said in a filing dated Sept. 9 that it will be regulated by the Federal Reserve after the U.S. stake falls below 50 percent. A designation as systemically important "could further limit our ability to pay dividends or repurchase shares of our common stock," AIG said in the filing.

Treasury spokesman Anthony Coley and Jim Ankner, an AIG spokesman, both declined to comment.

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